Sastra Sufistik Persia; Citra Kehidupan dalam Masnawi Maknawi Karya Jalaluddin Rumi

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Bastian Zulyeno

Abstract

Persian literature has been developing since hundreds of years BC, this can be seen from the Zoroastrian or "Avesta" holy books. This book contains mostly about the praise and greatness of the Lord "Ahuramazda" written in the form of poetry. The name Avesta itself comes from the name of the writing and the language used in this book, therefore the researchers named this holy book with the name Avesta. Avesta is the root of ancient Persian before Parthi, Soghdi and Pahlavi. One of the scientific traditions inherited by the Persians is the science of Tasawwuf and Sufistic literature is the biological child born of him. Persian land has long been fertile with Sufism thought with its typical eastern imagination. One of the Persian maestros whose thinking was global was Jalaluddin Muhammad ibn Sultan al Ulama Bahauddin Muhammad ibn Huasain ibn khatibi Bakri Balkhi who was better known as Rumi and all the works he left behind used Persian. Sufistic or mystical literature is a work produced by Sufi poets or a wise person whose poetry is based on his Sufistic experience. This paper discusses the main theme based on several verses of poetry contained in the Masnawi Maknawi of the great works of the great Persian Sufi of the 13th century.

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