Kumpulan Jurnal Nasional & Internasional
|Productivity Analysis of Cassava-Based Production Systems in the Guinea Savannah: Case Study of Kwara State, Nigeria|
|1Fakayode Segun Bamidele, R.O. Babatunde and Ajao Rasheed|
ABSTRAK: : This study assessed the productivities of prevalent cassava-based farms in the large Guinea Savannah ecology of Nigeria. For the study, 160 cassava producing households were selected across the Kwara State Agricultural Development Project (KWADP) zones and interviewed. The study data were analysed using the Total Factor Productivity (TFP) and the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression methods. The study findings revealed the cassava/maize enterprise with a 4.4 TFP level as the most popular and most productive cassava-based enterprise. This was followed by the Cassava/Cowpea, Cassava/Maize/Guinea-corn and the Cassava/Melon systems with 4.1, 3.6 and 3.5 TFP levels respectively. The study also revealed that land, labour, educational status of the household head and the fertilizer input significantly influence the productivity levels in cassava-based farms. Therefore, to achieve increased crop yield per cost outlay in cassava-based production systems, the study recommends the enhancement of farmersí access to education and the encouragement of the use of land and labour saving technologies in the cassava cropping systems.
Key words: Total factor productivity % Partial productivity indices % Cassava-based production systems % Kwara State % Nigeria
INTRODUCTION the pronouncement of a presidential initiative on the crop.
The initiative was aimed at using cassava production as
Cassava is a very important crop to Nigeria. Its the engine of growth in Nigeria. In recent times, comparative production advantage over other staples government has encouraged the use of the crop to serves to encourage its cultivation even by the resource produce a wide range of industrial products such as poor farmers. The cropís production is generally thought ethanol, glue, glucose syrup and bread. Recently, the to require less labour per unit of output than other major Nigerian government promulgated a law, making it staples. Cassava is able to grow and give reasonable compulsory for bakers to use composite flour of yields in low fertile soils. It is a good staple whose 10 per cent cassava and 90 per cent wheat for bread cultivation if encouraged can provide the nationally production. The new regulation which came into effect, required food security minimum of 2400 calories per January 2005, stipulated that the large flour mills that person per day . supply flour to bakeries and confectioneries must pre-mix
Recently, production figures ranked Nigeria as the cassava flour with flour . leading producer of cassava in the world. In 2004, the However, cassava farms just like the other crop farms estimated cassava output from Nigeria was approximately in Nigeria are the small-scale types which are 34 million tonnes. This production performance has rated characterized by very low productivity. The crucial issue Nigeria as the largest cultivator of cassava in the in the Nigerian agriculture is that of low productivity. The world . This feat is sequel to the on-going cassava problem of declining crop productivity in Nigeria is multiplication programme in the country . In 2002, important. Despite all human and material resources cassava suddenly gained prominence in Nigeria following devoted to agriculture, the productive efficiency for most
Corresponding Author: Dr. Fakayode, Segun Bamidele,Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, P.M.B
1515, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria 33
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